Many databases allow you to use the abbreviation when searching. Neutral citations indicate the year of the judgment in square brackets, the abbreviation of the court and the number of the judgment. Neutral high court citations contain the division in parentheses according to the judgment number. The following are examples of neutral quotes. If you come across abbreviations in your database search or bibliographies or reference lists that you are not sure about, you can quickly check them in the index. You will become familiar with the use of legal abbreviations over time. Below are some common law reports and examples of legal journals. When quoting a report on a judgment, cite the “best report” (as shown in the table of the hierarchy of legal reports above) and indicate the year of the volume, the volume number, if any, the abbreviation of the series of legislative reports and the first page of the report. If there is no neutral citation (which will be the case before 2001), also indicate the court in parentheses at the end. For abbreviations that are not in this list, here are some other websites to look for: Legal abbreviations are used throughout the scientific and practical legal literature. Common abbreviations in the Law Reports series include AC, App Cas, Ch, Ch D, QB, KB, and QBD.
For more information on abbreviations in neutral citations, see bailii. However, sometimes you need to know what the abbreviation means to find an article – for example, when searching for a journal title in library search Abbreviations are often used to refer to legal reports and legal journals. Use Cardiff`s index of legal abbreviations to find out what the abbreviations mean. The Cardiff Index contains abbreviations for British and foreign legal reports and journals, as well as important legislative publications and textbooks. Westlaw, Lexis and other databases also contain information on abbreviations. Use this guide to determine the meaning of legal abbreviations. The verdict sometimes begins several pages after the start of the report. The judgment is often preceded by the abbreviation cur adv vult (curia advisari vult, “the court wants to examine the case”) or “your lordships needed time for the examination” or “The following judgments have been rendered”. You can search for an abbreviation to find the title.
You can also search for an upside-down publication to find the default abbreviation used for that title. For legal abbreviations that were not found online, look for one of the following printed sources. These publications can be found regularly in legal and other libraries. It is common in legal documents to cite other publications using standard abbreviations for the title of each source. Abbreviations can also be found for common words or legal phrases. These citations and abbreviations can be found in court decisions, laws, ordinances, journal articles, books, and other documents. Below is a basic list of very common abbreviations. Because publishers use different practices when it comes to printing abbreviations, it may happen that abbreviations with or without a period are given for each letter. For example, the Code of Federal Regulations may appear abbreviated as “C.F.R.” or simply “CFR.” A neutral citation identifies a judgment; It can be easy to understand most of the time as a judgment number, even if it looks like a quote for a legal report.
The term “neutral” is used to indicate that it is independent of a published report (“media neutral”). Neutral citations were first issued in 2001 by the House of Lords, the Privy Council, the Court of Appeal and the Administrative Court, and in 2002 by all other departments of the High Court. Courts and commissions also issue neutral citations. Official Law Reports, the All of England and other series of reports that use the year as a band number often have more than one volume per year. The volume number follows the year after the square brackets. Annual volume figures rarely exceed 5. A legal report may collect cases from a particular jurisdiction (e.g. Queensland, Northern Territory), a specific court (e.g. Commonwealth Legal Reports for the High Court of Australia) or on a specific subject (e.g.
family law, criminal law). Reported cases Reported cases Reported cases allowed Unfortunately, your browser does not support online SVG. Use our Quote & Listing tab to quote correctly with AGLC! The following is an excerpt from a typical legal report, with the different parts on the right, or you can watch this short video (opens on YouTube) The brackets [ ] are used if the series does not have consecutive volume numbers and the year is essential to find the right volume. The donoghue report v. Stevenson is thus in the volume of appeal cases of 1932, starting at page 562, which is written  AC 562. Neutral quotation marks also use square brackets for the year. Contemporary cases have three main elements in the citation: the names of the parties (italics), the neutral citation, and the report of judgment.